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Education should not be free.

Considering high education the most important part and parcel of their life, people still realize that it is very expensive sometimes to live up to their goals and enroll in the university or college of their dreams. For that particular reason the majority of people think that getting college education should be free. However, in stark contrast to those who think this way, I consider this idea not very reasonable and very immature. I will elaborate on my choice in the following essay by providing specific examples to clarify my point.

First and foremost, I think that making education free will encourage every single student to enroll in colleges. Now, from some perspective this might sound like an amazing idea, but actually the large education fee being the only obstacle keeping students from entering into universities will disappear and this will not benefit anyone. The number of students will increase dramatically; , classes will become overcrowded and as we know classes with a large number of students are never efficient. For instance, one time our history teacher was absent for a whole week due to being sick and our class had to join the others. Since there were over fifty students, the professor was having a hard time delivering his lecture. After a week it hit me that in fact I did not learn anything from that class due to an overcrowded room and  the distractions that noises made by other students created..

Not only does making education completely free lead to overcrowded classrooms, but also it leads to students quitting their jobs and lacking the required experience in the years to come. As we all know the majority of the students get part time jobs in order to cover their education fees and making education free will make most of the students feel like they do not need a job anymore, and eventually they will quit. In the long run,  this may result in having a population with inexperienced adults. Students will not have the feeling of earning their own money or the value of it. Also they will lack the ability to manage their finances correctly. For example, I am planning on getting a part time job during my undergraduate education in some quiet place, maybe a bookshop or a cozy café, since in this way I will learn to earn my own money and pay my education fee. Apart from this, I will have a safe and comfortable environment to study. 

I would like to highlight that I am not ignorant towards people who cannot afford studying in universities by saying that free education should not be encouraged. This is largely because most of the universities and colleges give big scholarships to those students who are worthy of studying there. This motivates students  to do better in their studies throughout their high-school years. To summarize the discussion not only do educational institutions that demand a lot of money from students help them to gain more experience in their work life, but also they protect them from ineffective study programs.

How Ukraine-Russia war effects us

In recent months, geopolitical tensions between the West and Russia have led to a full-scale war, which will undoubtedly have a serious impact on the world economy as well.

Armenia will not be left behind either.

Armenia has been a member of the Eurasian Economic Union since 2014, at the core of which is Russia. The economic crisis caused by the epidemic has hurt all EAEU member states: the economic decline in Russia was 3%, Armenia 7.4%, Belarus 0.9%, Kazakhstan 2.5% and Kyrgyzstan 8.6%. For the Russian economy 2021 was a year of recovery. Economic growth amounted to 4.4%, helped by an increase in the price of natural gas on the world market and increased exports to EU countries.

Notably, the Russian economy fully recovered in 2021, while Armenia did not.

2021 was a year of achievements in terms of Armenian-Russian economic relations: exports from Armenia to Russia amounted to $847 million, an increase of 24.5% compared to the previous year. At the same time, imports from Russia increased, amounting to USD 1.9 billion in 2021, an increase of 19.2% compared to the previous year.

Armenia’s exports to Russia account for 28% and imports for 33.3%. Russia exports mainly finished final consumption goods (canned goods, wine, cognac, agricultural products, jewellery, etc.), which further benefit the Armenian economy. Russia, on the other hand, imports energy, metals, construction materials and consumer goods.

Economic sanctions imposed by the West will slow down the development of the Russian economy. Reduced investment and negative expectations will lead to a sharp devaluation of the Russian ruble, resulting in higher prices for imported goods, including Armenian goods, all in the face of falling incomes in the Russian market. That is, the continued devaluation of the Russian ruble may lead to a reduction in exports from Armenia.

Since Armenia’s independence, Russia has been and remains the main destination for those who go to work. Every year, tens of thousands of Armenian citizens go there to work, which allows them to receive large remittances. Particularly, during 2021 individuals, through banks, transferred money from Russia to Armenia amounted to $865 million, which is about 41% of all transfers. Some people living in Armenia simply cannot exist without this money (aid).

In addition, Russia is considered the largest investor in Armenia’s economy. In particular, in January-September 2021, the net inflow of investments from Russia amounted to 52.4 billion drams, which is almost twice as much as last year. Many large Armenian companies operate with Russian capital, some of which are subsidiaries of Russian companies, such as Gazprom Armenia. The direct sanctions imposed by Western countries on Russian companies may also affect subsidiaries operating in Armenia. Five out of 10 Armenian companies, which pay the highest taxes, operate with Russia. They create thousands of jobs and pay billions of drams to the state budget.

Possible restrictions for Russian companies will seriously affect the investment climate in Armenia. At the moment, it is impossible to stop the steep fall in the value of Russian companies’ shares, and foreign investors are rushing to get rid of them.

Economic risks in Armenia are quite high, and to counter all this, the Armenian government should show a comprehensive approach, without waiting for losses to be identified.

Experience is the best teacher

Books are considered to be the source of all knowledge, but all that one learns
through a book is only of theoretical nature in the form of ideas and concepts. It
is essential to utilize them in a real environment and experience the knowledge
that is learned from books.
Learning is nothing but understanding the world around us. Books, no doubt
are a great source of knowledge as it gives us an idea about a particular subject
in detail. But all that one could learn from it is limited to the level of knowing
how a certain phenomenon occurs, or how a certain concept works. The
knowledge gained through books alone cannot help anyone, because what one
learns through the books should be put in to use to harvest the benefits. For
instance, a person who wants to learn driving can go through various manuals
and guides that teach people how to drive, but all this knowledge is useful only
when you are actually driving the car on the roads. It would be an utter waste of
time if one just reads the books and does not use them for practical purpose.
Learning through experience is always a lot different from learning through
books. Let us consider the same example of a person wanting to learn to drive:
even if he goes through every book that is available on driving, still it cannot
qualify him as an expert driver. This is because of the fact that books about
driving can only teach people traffic rules and provide solutions on how to
handle certain situations. The situations faced by a driver could be totally
different from what he had learnt from a book. Sometimes we find that the real
environment is quite different from the one perceived by us through reading
books. This is the very reason why, even in educational institutions, all
theoretical classes are followed by practical sessions.
Learning through experience can also be more effective than learning through
books because one does not envision everything on his own, but is given a
chance to experience the reality. The art of driving can be enjoyed only when
we are behind the wheels and not when reading it in books. Moreover, any
book is actually an account of past experiences, i.e. it is based on the
experiences of people who tried to develop a new idea. The books are their
experiences, telling us what they already have tried. Thus from their
experiences we can correct ourselves and thus save valuable time and resources.
It helps us to concentrate on their failures and to correct them, but they alone
cannot teach us everything we need to know. The knowledge learned through
books alone cannot help us to face all the exigencies that we would face in real
life situations; we have to practice on our own.
Books are like a guiding light in one’s pursuit for knowledge. But it is left to
everyone of us to experience it first hand and learn new things for the
betterment of their lives. So the notion “experience is the best teacher” is
perfectly true.

Ted Talks, choose one of the talks and comment on it

I randomly came across this one ted talk from approximately 2016, the talk was about augmented reality, and no It was not basic virtual reality. Personally I liked his idea, I think it’s a very good way to utilize technology without sitting in one place like a lazy useless human being although this technology never seemed to come to life it would’ve also been a great way of solving the problems of people who have jobs related to technology but are tired of sitting at home all day doing nothing,  The speaker was a neuroscientist who also studied computer science, I really liked the way he brought up the topic by talking about an event in 2011 which led to him getting the idea of this so-called augmented reality. Basically, his idea was to cross reality and a virtual interface to help humanity in many aspects such as architecture or surgery, the appearance of it was this helmet which wasn’t very big in size and had a glass piece connected to it just like everyday glasses, so people could keep eye contact and interact with each-other instead of getting distracted by their phones mid conversation like his friend did once.The Ted Talk itself

Do guns protect people or kill people?

I’m not sure if anyone today remembers if hunting firearm came first or was that weaponry made for killing human beings, it is like saying which came first an egg or a chicken.

Firearm has mostly been used for vicious acts since it was made, defensive matters exist in some countries, but I’ll talk about that later. I’m not sure but I think that the statistics would show that guns are used more for violence against humans by humans more than anything. The easiest example would be criminals but there’s something bigger than that, talk about wars, humans destroying humans without mercy, it almost feels like surgery with no anesthesia, butchery, and nothing else. That’s their main usage today and it has always been the same way.

Of course the title here talks about defensive firearm and if It’s used for defense. Well, there are some US states which literally allow gun carriage among citizens without even concealing them. Of course, people aren’t insane like cowboys nowadays, so they mostly get those weapons just to make sure they’re safe (perhaps). But out of the US, free firearm carriage is not very popular. The western region of the world was always popular with guns and killing people, that combination was popular since the time when cowboys were a thing. There could be massacres, the cities were filled with outlaws and no one would care since everyone had a gun, you can even find the similarities between those times and some US states nowadays.

What do you think about stereotypes? Are you against any Armenian stereotypes?

To answer this questions first of all we need to understand what is a stereotype. Stereotype is a fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people. By stereotyping we infer that a person has a whole range of characteristics and abilities that we assume all members of that group have. Stereotypes can be positive or negative, such as when various nationalities are stereotyped as friendly or unfriendly. We often find people stereotyped around characteristics of age( “All teenagers love rock and roll and have no respect for their parents.”), sex (“Men love football.”), race (“All Japanese look and think alike.”),religion(“All Catholics love the Pope more than their country.”), profession(“All lawyers are greedy.”) and nationality(“All Germans are Nazis”).

Objects can be stereotyped around characteristics of places (“All cities are corrupt and sinful.” “Small towns are safe and clean.” “In England, it rains all the time.”) and things (“All Korean cars are cheaply made.”).

It has it’s advantages and disadvantages. One advantage of a stereotype is that it enables us to respond rapidly to situations because we may have had a similar experience before. One disadvantage is that it makes us ignore differences between individuals, therefore we think things about people that might not be true.

As we can see stereotyping is neither good or a bad thing and it’s impossible to get rid of. Stereotyping goes way beyond race and gender. Consider conversations you have had about people from the next town, another department in your company, supporters of other football teams, and so on. The use of stereotypes is a major way in which we simplify our social world, since they reduce the amount of processing (thinking) we have to do when we meet a new person.

So after truly understanding what are stereotypes, I have come to a conclusion that I am not against or for them.

The importance of Education

Education makes people independent. Furthermore, it increases knowledge, strengthens the mind, and forms character. Moreover, education enables people to put their potentials to optimum use.

Education is also a type of reform for the human mind. Without education, the training of the human mind would always remain incomplete.

Education makes a person an efficient decision-maker and a right thinker. Moreover, this is possible only with the help of education. This is because education acquaints an individual with knowledge of the world around him and beyond, besides teaching the individual to be a better judge of the present.

A person that receives education shall have more avenues for the life of his choice. Moreover, an educated person will be able to make decisions in the best possible manner. This is why there is such a high demand for educated people over uneducated people for the purpose of employment.

Without education, a person would feel trapped. One can understand this by the example of a man who is confined to a closed room, completely shut from the outside world, with no way to exit it. Most noteworthy, an uneducated person can be compared to this confined man.

Education enables a person to access the open world. Furthermore, a person without education is unable to read and write. Consequently, a person without education would remain closed to all the knowledge and wisdom an educated person can gain from books and other mediums.

The literacy rate of India stands at around 60% in comparison to more than 80% literacy rate of the rest of the world. Moreover, the female literacy rate is 54.16% in accordance with the 2001 population census. These figures certainly highlight the massive problem of lack of education in India.

To promote education, the government of India takes it as a national policy. The intention of the government is to target the very cause of illiteracy. As such, the government endeavours to eradicate illiteracy, which in turn would lead to the eradication of poverty.

The government is running various literacy programmes like the free-education programme, weekend and part-time study programme, continuing education programme, mid-day meal programme, adult literacy programme, etc. With the consistent success rate of these programmes, hopefully, things will better.

The importance of having the ability to plan

Being an individual who always organizes her day or even week beforehand, I have to agree with the fact that it is essential for one to have the ability to plan. Even though, some people might disagree with me arguing that spontaneous decisions and plans made on spot turn out to be the best ones, I have valid reasons supporting my point.

First of all, planning your day and knowing what responsibilities or tasks you have for the day or the week helps you to avoid being stressed out. Being overwhelmed with heavy schedule and not knowing what to do next in order to keep up with everything is the worst thing that can happen to one. It can lead to panicking and eventually not doing anything at all. For instance, I used to leave everything for the last minute and I always was anxious about it even though I was the one to blame. So I switched my strategy and started sorting out every task, event or meeting for the next week. This ended up helping me in various ways, one of them being that I am always aware of my next step and not stressed out about it, since I can carry out lots of tasks and finish my responsibilities on time.

Not only does planning your week help you to finish everything on time and avoid strenuous situations, but also it helps you to leave space for spontaneous events or meetings that can pop up on the last minute. If you are aware of your plans for the whole day or even the whole week, and some urgent meeting appears that you have to attend, it is much easier to manage  your day in a way that is not going to harm your productiveness, your other plans. For example, last week I got a call from the company I am volunteering for, and they asked me if I could attend the charity event the next day. Of course, I could not turn their request down and agreed to go, but I knew that I had so many plans for that specific day and did not know how I was going to do all of them in one day. Luckily I had made a list of my plans for that day, so I looked through them in order to find free time for my other plans. And this helped me to successfully complete everything I had planned earlier.

There are practically limitless ways to complete all the things you need to do, but one of the most effective ways for it is organizing everything beforehand. It can help one to avoid confusing situations and even save you time. I indeed recommend everyone to have well arranged  to do list, since having one helped many people -, including myself.

How Nikola Tesla changed the world

Nikola Tesla was born 10 July 1856, of Serbian nationality in Smiljan, the Austrian Empire.He was one of the greatest and most enigmatic scientists who played a key role in the development of electromagnetism and other scientific discoveries of his time. During his early life, he experienced many periods of illness and periods of startling inspiration. Accompanied by blinding flashes of light, he would often visualise mechanical and theoretical inventions spontaneously. He had a unique capacity to visualise images in his head. When working on projects, he would rarely write down plans or scale drawings, but rely on the images in his mind. In 1891, Tesla became an American citizen. This was also a period of great advances in electrical knowledge. Tesla demonstrated the potential for wireless energy transfer and the capacity for AC power generation. Tesla’s promotion of AC current placed him in opposition to Edison who sought to promote his Direct Current DC for electric power. Shortly before his death, Edison said his biggest mistake was spending so much time on DC current rather than the AC current Tesla had promoted. In 1899, Tesla moved to Colorado Springs where he had the space to develop high voltage experiments. This included a variety of radio and electrical transmission experiments. He left after a year in Colorado Springs, and the buildings were later sold to pay off debts. In 1900, Tesla began planning the Wardenclyffe Tower facility. This was an ambitious project costing $150,000, a fortune at the time. Tesla was famous for working hard and throwing himself into his work. He ate alone and rarely slept, sleeping as little as two hours a day.  He remained unmarried and claimed that his chastity was helpful to his scientific abilities. In later years, he became a vegetarian, living on only milk, bread, honey, and vegetable juices. Tesla passed away on 7 January 1943, in a New York hotel room.  He was 86 years old. After his death, in 1960 the General Conference on Weights and Measures named the SI unit of magnetic field strength the Tesla in his honour.

First Programing Language

The history of programming languages spans from documentation of early mechanical computers to modern tools for software development. Early programming languages were highly specialized, relying on mathematical notation and similarly obscure syntax. Throughout the 20th century, research in compilers theory led to the creation of high-level programming languages, which use a more accessible syntax to communicate instructions. 

The first high-level programming language was Plankalkül, created by Konrad Zuse between 1942 and 1945. The first high-level language to have an associated compiler was created by Corrado Böhm in 1951, for his PhD thesis. The first commercially available language was FORTRAN(FORmula TRANslation), developed in 1956 (first manual appeared in 1956, but first developed in 1954) by a team led by John Backus at IBM.

Early history

During 1842–1849, Ada Lovelace translated the memoir of Italian mathematician Luigi Menabrea about Charles Babbage’s newest proposed machine: the Analytical Engine; she supplemented the memoir with notes that specified in detail a method for calculating Bernoulli numbers with the engine, recognized by most of historians as the world’s first published computer program.

The first computer codes were specialized for their applications: e.g., Alonzo Church was able to express the lambda calculus in a formulaic way and the Turing machinewas an abstraction of the operation of a tape-marking machine.

Jacquard Looms and Charles Babbage’s Difference Engineboth had simple languages for describing the actions that these machines should perform hence they were the creators of the first programming language.

About First Programmer

Konrad Zuse

22 June 1910 – 18 December 1995) was a German civil engineer, pioneering computer scientist, inventor and businessman. His greatest achievement was the world’s first programmable computer; the functional program-controlled Turing-completeZ3became operational in May 1941. Thanks to this machine and its predecessors, Zuse has often been regarded as the inventor of the modern computer.

Zuse was noted for the S2 computing machine, considered the first process control computer. In 1941, he founded one of the earliest computer businesses, producing the Z4, which became the world’s first commercial computer. From 1943 to 1945 he designed Plankalkül, the first high-level programming language. In 1969, Zuse suggested the concept of a computation-based universe in his book Rechnender Raum (Calculating Space).

Much of his early work was financed by his family and commerce, but after 1939 he was given resources by the Nazi German government. Due to World War II, Zuse’s work went largely unnoticed in the United Kingdom and the United States. Possibly his first documented influence on a US company was IBM’s option on his patents in 1946.

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